land administration case study

Land Administration Modernization for Rajasthan under DILRMP Scheme

Land administration management is the process of managing the use and development (in both urban and rural settings) of land resources. Multiple sectors require effective land administration and management, including survey/resurvey projects for urban and rural development, national highways, expressways, and road projects, canals, water resources projects, riverfront management, public health engineering, sewerage and wastewater management projects, pipeline/oil & gas, and other infrastructure projects, to name a few.

Despite its crucial role, land administration has struggled with several challenges across regimes. These include the lack of uniform land and revenue records, many of which presently date back to the 1950s-60s. Urban planning and revenue administration objectives are greatly undermined. Data collection and sharing are still facing complications, while linking between text records and maps through robust Geographic Information Systems is lacking in many places.

Project Objective

Considering the above challenges and gaps, the need of the hour is to upgrade, enhance and update land records all over India through modernization and digitization of the entire system. The Government of India’s flagship programme, Digital India Land Records Modernization (DILRMP) has initiated the conversion of old land records into a new digital format using modern hybrid survey methodologies, such as the use of High-Resolution Stereo Satellite Images (HRSI) followed by Ground Survey using Differential GPS (DGPS) and Electronic Total Survey Station (ETGS) for rural and urban areas in the country.

Project Implementation Flowchart

Project Implementation Flowchart; Source: Secon

The RBAAS & Settlement Commissioner – Jaipur, Government of Rajasthan, has awarded the work of Establishment of a Ground Control Network, Conducting Survey/Re-survey, and Updation of Survey & Settlement (Records) operations under the DILRMP for Ajmer and Kota zones to SECON Pvt Ltd, Bengaluru.

Scope of work

The project involves pre-survey activities and the establishment of control points across the state in the Ajmer and Kota zones. This is followed by the preparation of up-to-date GIS-compatible land parcel maps for districts through hybrid methods – HRSI, DGPS and ETGS – including various attributes/metadata. A dedicated module was also to be prepared for land records, settlement operations and project management progress updation.


To generate the automated land records, the team at SECON developed a robust GIS-based land management software application that enables the generation of various forms/revenue records as per the State Revenue Portal. The following modules were created to support the comprehensive GIS application:

Component Modules of GIS-based Land Management Software Application

Component Modules of GIS-based Land Management Software Application; Source: Secon

Post Re-Survey Challenges

Post implementation of the project, the biggest challenge being faced by the State’s Revenue Department was facilitating and updating revenue records at regular intervals on a day-to-day basis. This was because of frequent changes in the field/charge of ownership, along with other technical aspects related to land administration.

The State Government of Rajasthan and the Government of India are seeking solutions to overcome these challenges in land management for handling enormous revenue records. The development of efficient land management software will help resolve a majority of these challenges such as digital records of change of ownership, generation and updating of land records, mutation entries, and property survey records with the objective of providing employment at every District Revenue Records office.